DATEDIF Function

  • Applies to: Excel for Microsoft 365, Excel for Microsoft 365 for Mac, Excel for the web, Excel 2019, Excel 2016, Excel 2019 for Mac, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, SharePoint Foundation 2010, SharePoint Server 2010, Excel Starter 2010, Windows SharePoint Services 3.0.

The DATEDIF function works out the number of days, months, or years between two dates.

Warning: Excel supplies the DATEDIF function as a way to support older workbooks from Lotus 1-2-3. The DATEDIF function might calculate inaccurate results within specific circumstances. Please refer to the known issues section of this article for more information.

DATEDIF Function Syntax

DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,unit)

ArgumentDescription
start_date –  RequiredA date that symbolises the first, or starting date of a given period. Dates may be typed as text strings inside quotation marks (for example, “2001/1/30”), as serial numbers (for example, 36921, which represents January 30, 2001, if you’re using the 1900 date system), or as the outcomes of other formulas or functions (for example, DATEVALUE(“2001/1/30”)).
end_date –  RequiredA date that corresponds to the last, or ending, date of the period.
Unit   The kind of information that you want returned, where:
Unit Returns
Y” The number of full years in the period.
M” The number of finished months in the period.
D” The amount of days in the period.
MD” The difference between the days in start_date and end_date. The months and years of the dates are skipped.
Important: We don’t recommend using the “MD” argument, as there are known limitations with it. See the known issues section below.
YM” The difference between the months in start_date and end_date. The days and years of the dates are discounted.
YD” The difference between the days of start_date and end_date. The years of the dates are overlooked.

Remarks of the DATEDIF Function

  • Dates are occupied as sequential serial numbers to ensure their usage in calculations. Automatically, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,447 days after January 1, 1900.
  • The DATEDIF function is helpful in formulas where you must calculate an age.
  • If the start_date is greater than the end_date, the result will be #NUM!.

Examples

Start_dateEnd_dateFormulaDescription (Result)
1/1/20011/1/2003=DATEDIF(Start_date,End_date,”Y”)Two complete years in the period (2)..
6/1/20018/15/2002=DATEDIF(Start_date,End_date,”D”)440 days between June 1, 2001, and August 15, 2002 (440)
6/1/20018/15/2002=DATEDIF(Start_date,End_date,”YD”)75 days between June 1 and August 15, omitting the years of the dates (75).

Known issues

The “MD” argument could result in a negative number, a zero, or an inaccurate result. If you are attempting to calculate the remaining days following the last completed month, here is a workaround:

=DATEDIF(D17,E17,"md") and result: 5 - DATEDIF Function Example.

This formula subtracts the first day of the ending month (5/1/2016) from the first end date in cell E17 (5/6/2016). Here’s how it does this: First, the DATE function forms the date, 5/1/2016. It produces it using the year in cell E17, and the month in cell E17. Then, the 1 accounts for the first day of that month. The result for the DATE function is 5/1/2016. Then, we subtract that from the initial end date in cell E17, which is 5/6/2016. 5/6/2016 minus 5/1/2016 is 5 days.

Need more help?

You can always ask an expert in the Excel Tech Community, get support in the Answers community, or suggest a new feature or improvement on Excel User Voice.

See Also

Excel functions (alphabetical)

Excel functions (by category)

How to avoid broken formulas

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